Purple Top Turnips


Purple Top Turnip is a cool season crop that can be planted in early spring when soil temperatures reach 40 degrees.  It will continue to grow in the fall until the temperature drops to around 15 degrees.  Seed should be drilled at 2-4 lbs/acre at a depth of 1/4 - 1/2" in fine textured soils, 1/2 - 3/4" in sandy soils.  Turnips need moisture to germinate. 

Livestock will consume the turnip tops and when growth stops, will dig up and eat the bulbs.  The tops, or greens, contain 17-24% protein, the bulbs 10-15%.

For fall grazing, turnips can be planted after small grains in late July to early August.  Apply around 50# nitrogen and maintain phosphorus levels around 10 ppm.

Turnips can also be seeded with oats in early spring.  Seed 100-120# of oats and 2-4# of turnips per acre, and turn livestock out when the oats are 3-6" tall.  The livestock will eat the oats until it heads out, then switch to grazing the turnip tops, then switch back to oats when it is mature.  Some of the oat seed will fall to the ground and regrow, starting the cycle over again.  After the turnips quit growing, the livestock will dig up the bulbs and eat them.

Price (Per lb):
Seeding Rate (lbs per acre): 2-4
 Lbs/Bu: 52
 Average seeds per lb:
Seeding Date:
Apr. 1 - June 30
 Days to Germinate:

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